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About Zambia

Located in the south central Africa, Zambia is a landlocked country covering an area of about 752,614 sq. km. It is bordered by Tanzania (in the North), Malawi (in the East), Mozambique (in the South-East), Zimbabwe (in the South) Botswana and Namibia (in the South-West), Angola (in the West) and Democratic Republic of Congo (in the North-West). Zambia, with Lusaka as the capital and English as the official language, has an estimated population of 12.2 million (2007 estimate) and its annual population growth rate is estimated at 2.5 percent.

Most of Zambia consists of high plateau varying between 1000 and 1600 meters above sea-level. It is a typical savanna country with three seasons: cool and dry season (from May to August), hot and dry season (from September to October), and rainy season (from November to April). Zambia has the annual average temperature of 21 Celsius, and the annual average rainfall of 1,270 millimeter.

 

Zambia has an abundance of known mineral deposits. The country is the world’s fourth largest producer of copper and holds six percent of the world’s known reserves thereof. It is also the world’s second largest producer of cobalt and holds the reserves of about 350,000 tonnes. Furthermore, Zambia is also famous for the abundance of other mineral deposits, including lead, zinc and gemstones (e.g. emeralds, aquamarine, topaz, opal, agate and amethysts).

Zambia has an abundant supply of water, with 45 percent of the total water resources of the southern African sub-region found in Zambia, and the underground water resources can be used at no great cost in areas where surface water is inadequate.