Zambia is endowed with a large arable land resource base of 42 million hectares of which only 1.5 million hectares is cultivated every year.   It has abundant water resources for irrigation, as shown by the Country accounting for 40 percent of the water resource in the SADC region. Given its vast resource endowment, Zambia has huge potential to expand its agricultural production. Its climate follows a similar pattern to that of most Southern African countries, experiencing rainy seasons between the months of November and April. The dry season is characterized by low humidity between the months of May and November. The average temperature in the summer is 30°C and gets as low as 5°C in the winter.

Despite the availability of vast arable land, transport infrastructure, availability of water, cheap labour, as shown by the fact that the Agricultural sector employs more than half of the total labour force, only 10 percent of the arable land is under cultivation. In that regard, the Government has established farming blocks to facilitate investment in Agriculture.